#DoNotTrack

Do Not Track is an online interactive documentary about internet privacy, directed by Brett Gaylor. This series includes 7 short videos to educate about who and what companies could be tracking you with or without knowledge and the amount of your private information they can profit off of.

I watched the whole series and it impacted me very much. I learned that many companies can create a very accurate profile of my just by my Facebook likes, even if I don’t use my real name or not use a picture of me in my profile. How scary is that? They can also use my personal information to sell to other companies so they make a profit off of MY information. Some of the sites I use on a daily basis, have other sites that watch my every move and some are connected to other sites. For example I use endi (El Nuevo Día) to see the daily news. Endi had about 12 sites connected to it, one of those being Facebook. So that means, that Facebook and Endi share information about me to make a better profile of me and understand my likes, etc. It made me very aware that nothing is really private in the internet. It also showed me how little we know about internet privacy and in how in years to come, privacy (maybe) won’t even exist.

Watching this whole series made me realise that privacy isn’t as common as we think. If we keep being this blind towards privacy, we might lose it in years to come. It’s scary to think that in next years, our “private” information won’t be private anymore. It’s also terrifying that due to privacy not being private anymore, companies will PROFIT off of OUR information. Knowing this, in some years I probably won’t even use social medias like Facebook , Twitter , Instagram or any other site, excluding sites used for information, like Google , since I will probably need it due to schoolwork, etc.

Here’s the Do Not Track trailer:

Interested in the documentary? Try it for yourself!

DoNotTrack

Circles of Privacy

[Photo: Circles of Privacy, by Bernard Goldbach ; Licencia CC]

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Mini-Proyecto: Informática Hoy

Inteligencia Artificial

La Inteligencia artificial es el campo científico de la informática que se centra en la creación de programas y mecanismos que pueden mostrar comportamientos considerados inteligentes. En otras palabras, la IA es el concepto según el cual “las máquinas piensan como seres humanos”.

1956: El comienzo de la Era Dorada de la Inteligencia Artificial

Fue en 1956 cuando John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky y Claude Shannon acuñaron este término durante la conferencia de Darthmounth para referirse a “la ciencia e ingenio de hacer máquinas inteligentes, especialmente programas de cálculo inteligentes”.  Eso sí, estos tres científicos erraron por completo a la hora de prever cuando llegarían las primeras inteligencias artificiales, ya que confiaban en que en 10 años (para la década de los 70) estaríamos rodeados por IA’s en nuestro mundo.

Tras este fiasco, las investigaciones sobre inteligencia artificial sufrieron un importante revés que retrasó el progreso en esta área hasta los 90 y los 2000, cuando la mayoría de las empresas tecnológicas decidieron realizar inversiones mayúsculas en este terreno con el fin de mejorar la capacidad de procesamiento y análisis de la ingente cantidad de datos que se generan en el creciente mundo digital. De hecho, la consagración definitiva de la inteligencia artificial llegó en 1997, cuando IBM demostró que un sistema informático era capaz de vencer al ajedrez a un humano… y no un humano cualquiera, sino el campeón del mundo Gari Kaspárov. Se llamaba Deep Blue y sirvió de base para que la industria tecnológica y la sociedad en general cobrara conciencia de la relevancia y las posibilidades de las IA.

Aplicaciones y Apps:

  1. FaceApp

FaceApp utiliza inteligencia artificial y una serie de redes neuronales que van aprendiendo de cada foto retocada por cada uno de los usuarios y así combinar los distintos elementos de nuestro rostro con los otros que tiene en su base de datos. De esta forma cuanta más gente la utilice mejores serán sus sugerencias.

2.    Lyli

Solo disponible en iOS, se trata de un ‘bot’ que conversa con nosotros para recabar información y poder así recomendarnos un determinado estilo de ropa que supone que encajará a la perfección con nuestros gustos. Lyli intenta ser la sustitución digital de la amiga o amigo que nos espera en la puerta del probador para darnos su más sincera opinión.

3.    Parla

Un ejemplo de que el machine learning también ha llegado a la educación. Es una aplicación para el aprendizaje de idiomas que, según sus creadores, se basa en la inteligencia artificial para hacer más efectiva y personalizada la adquisición de conocimientos.

4.   ThirdLeap

ThirdLeap se convierte en un profesor de matemáticas particular de nuestros hijos. No solo ayuda al alumno a hacer los deberes, sino que también le ayuda a comprender cómo se llega a obtener la solución de cada problema matemático. El programa es capaz de analizar la evolución del usuario e incluso evaluar su avance cada cierto tiempo a modo de controles.

5.   Gyant

Es uno de los numerosos ‘bots’ destinados a la salud. A través de una conversación de lo más natural nos pide que le indiquemos cuales son nuestros síntomas para determinar la causa probable que nos aqueja. Su ayuda puede ser útil para determinar lo que nos afecta o bien para tranquilizarnos si somos algo hipocondríacos.

Recursos bibliograficos

               Gabriel A, I. A. (2016). Aplicaciones de inteligencia artificial en procesos de                                                             cadenas de suministros: una revisión sistemática / Applications of artificial intelligence in supply chain process: a systematic review. Ingeniare. Revista Chilena De Ingeniería, (4), 663.

Debido al avance tecnológico, específicamente en áreas como las comunicaciones, procesamiento computacional, gestión y almacenamiento de información, es posible apoyar a la administración de cadenas de suministros pudiendo hacerla más eficiente. En este contexto, la inteligencia artificial (IA) ha sido aplicada en diferentes procesos de SC pero no hay conocimiento específico sobre cuáles técnicas de IA están siendo aplicadas en los procesos de la cadena de suministros(SC) o cuáles actividades de la SC están siendo apoyadas (o no) con técnicas de IA.

                     Jairo Esteban, R. E., & Diana Vanessa, S. S. (2016). INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL ¿REEMPLAZANDO AL HUMANO EN LA PSICOTERAPIA? / INTELIGÊNCIA ARTIFICIAL SUBSTITUINDO A HUMANA NA PSICOTERAPIA? / ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: REPLACING THE HUMAN BEING IN PSYCHOTHERAPY?. Escritos, (53), 271. doi:10.18566/escr.v24n53.a02

La revolución tecnocientífica actual ha venido a reconfigurar el concepto de persona y de ser humano. La tecnología ha hecho que se acrecente el deseo de modificar nuestra condición humana buscando la perfección de las capacidades físicas, intelectuales y psicológicas. Las diferentes ciencias y áreas del conocimiento han debido adaptarse a estos cambios tecnocientíficos. La psicología no ha sido la excepción, y es así como hoy se establece un nuevo paradigma de aproximación a la mente humana. Conceptos como: la cyberterapia, terapia de realidad virtual para simular situaciones fóbicas en los pacientes, y más recientemente el uso de la inteligencia artificial, han revolucionado esta ciencia.

 

                         Marcelo J, M., & Enrique C, D. S. (2012). Desarrollo de un prototipo de robot móvil para la investigación y aplicación de técnicas de inteligencia artificial / Development of a mobile robot prototype for research and application of artificial intelligence techniques. Revista De Ciencia Y Tecnología, (17), 0.


Este trabajo propone el desarrollo de un prototipo de robot móvil para la investigación de técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial que permita la navegación autónoma en entornos de prueba tipo indoor. También, se presentan los diseños de los sistemas de tracción diferencial, con dos servomotores, y de alimentación con un circuito de estabilización de la tensión de las baterías.

 

                           Lugo-Reyes, S. O., Maldonado-Colín, G., & Murata, C. (2014). Inteligencia artificial para asistir el diagnóstico clínico en medicina. Revista Alergia De Mexico, 61(2), 110-120.

La medicina es uno de los campos del conocimiento que más podrían beneficiarse de una interacción cercana con la computación y las matemáticas, mediante la cual se optimizarían procesos complejos e imperfectos como el diagnóstico diferencial. De esto se ocupa el aprendizaje automático, rama de la inteligencia artificial que construye y estudia sistemas capaces de aprender a partir de un conjunto de datos de adiestramiento y de mejorar procesos de clasificación y predicción.

 

                        José Luis, G., & Christopher R., S. (2003). Análisis de Mercados Financieros utilizando Técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial / Analysis of Financial Markets using Artificial Intelligence Techniques. Computación Y Sistemas, (4), 253.

Las técnicas actuales de Inteligencia Artificial (IA), en particular los algoritmos evolutivos y los agentes inteligentes, permiten modelar sistemas de muy diversos tipos, entre ellos mercados financieros. Un modelo computacional de un mercado financiero utiliza varios elementos de AI, tales como la computación evolutiva y agentes artificiales.

Websites o blogs:

https://sites.google.com/site/proyectointeligenciaartificial/home

http://iaunetrajn.blogspot.com/

https://www.google.com.pr/search?rlz=1C1CHBD_enPR782PR782&ei=d8CWWtXvPKuJ5wKdsaG4Cw&q=inteligencia+artificial+pagina+oficial&oq=inteligencia+artificial+pagina+oficial&gs_l=psy-ab.3…6936.11367.0.12526.20.17.0.3.3.0.187.1504.14j2.16.0….0…1c.1.64.psy-ab..1.17.1240…35i39k1j0i203k1j0i8i13i30k1j0i22i30k1j33i22i29i30k1.0.nlc4rjjNEWc

Aqui tienes un video explicando lo que es la inteligencia artificial:

 

5 identidades en Twitter de personas expertas en esta rama

  1. @sarahaustin
  2. @iapucp
  3. @MIRIBerkeley
  4. @IntelAI
  5. @MIT_CSAIL

Inteligencia-Artificial

{Foto: Inteligencia-Artificial, by portal gda ; Licencia CC}

Itinerary for a Virtual Trip

Trip to:

From: Disneyland Park, Anaheim, CA

To: Disney World, Orlando, FL

Hours and mileage

by Car:

35-36 hours

(estimated 1 day 12 hours)

2,2497 – 2,515 miles

by Foot:

811 hours

(estimated 33 days and 19 hours)

2,471 miles

by Bike:

210 hours

(estimated 8 days and 18 hours)

2,586 miles

Newspapers

Florida

Key News

https://keysnews.com/

El Vocero Hispano

http://www.elvocerohispano.com/

California

California News

http://www.topix.com/state/ca

La Opinión

https://laopinion.com/

 

Disney World Trip - Magic Kingdom - Cinderella's Castle

[Photo: Disney World Trip – Magic Kingdom – Cinderella’s Castle, by Richard Stephenson ; Licencia CC ]

Sleeping Beauty Castle

[Photo: Sleeping Beauty Castle, by HarshLight ; Licencia CC]

 

Class Summary: What is the internet?

Network vs. Internet

A computer network is a series of points , interconnected by communication paths for the purpose of transmitting, receiving, and exchanging data, voice and video traffic, while the internet is a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardised communication protocols. It’s easy and very common to confuse both of these things, since they are both interconnected.

What is the internet?

Tim Berners-Lee is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web (www…). He made a proposal for an information management system in 1989 and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (better known as HTTP) client and server via the internet.

ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) was a Defense Department research project. It researched how to create a communication system that might actually survive a nuclear attack, and was later found out that a distributed packet-switched network could survive and work much faster.

Who runs the internet?

Nobody/everybody runs the internet. The internet is made up of a large number of independently operated networks.

Here’s a video explaining what the internet is and how it works:

The Internet: IP Adresses & DNS 

IP: Internetworking Protocol (A protocol is a set of well-known rules and standards used to communicate between machines.)

All the different devices on the internet have unique addresses. An address on the internet is just a number that’s unique to each device on the network. The address system for computers on the internet is similar to mail services. A computer’s address is called IP Address. Visiting a website is really just your computer or phone asking another computer or phone for information.

IP Address numbers are organised in a hierarchy. Each of the numbers is represented in bits. Traditional IP Addresses are 32 bits long with 8 bits for each part of the address. It is classed by country, region, subnetwork and the address of the specific device. This kind of IP Address is called IPv4. It was designed in 1973 and was widely adopted in the 80’s, and provides more than 4 billion unique addresses for devices. The IPv6 is a much more modern and longer, that uses 128 bits per address and provides over 340 indecision addresses.

DNS: Domain Name System

DNS associates names like http://www.example.com with the corresponding addresses. Your computer uses the DNS to look up domain names and get the associated IP address which is used connect your computer to the destination on the internet. DNS servers are connected in a distributed hierarchy, and are divided into zones splitting up responsibility for major domains such as .org, .net, .com, etc. DNS was created to be an open and public communication protocol for the government and educational institutions. Because of it’s openness, DNS is susceptible for cyber attacks. An example of this is DNS Spoofing. This is when a hacker taps into the IP Address and changes it to match a domain name with the wrong IP Address.

Here’s a video explaining IP Addresses and DNS:

The Internet: HTTP & HTML

URL: Uniform Resource Locator

 GET request: tells the server the html code you are requesting

HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTML: Hypertext Markup Language

The text of a webpage is included directly in the HTML, but other parts like images or videos have their own separate files with their own URL’s that need to be requested. The browser sends separateHTTP requests for each of them and displays them as they arrive. If a web page has many different images, each of them causes a separate HTTP request, making the page slower. When you browse the web you are not just requesting pages with GET requests. Sometimes you send information when you fill out a form or type a search query. Your browser sends this information in clear text using an HTTP POST request. A website cookie is what websites use to remember who you are. Cookie data could be viewed as an ID card.

The internet is completely open, it’s connections are shared, and information is sent is plain text. This makes it possible for hackers to see any personal information you send on the internet. But, safe websites prevent this by using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS). This could be viewed as a layer of security wrapped around your communications. You know these are active when you see the little lock by the HTTPS. The HTTPS Protocols ensure that your HTTP requests are secure and protected. When a website asks your browser to engage in a secure connection, it provides a digital certificate, proving the website is what it claims to be. If a website has a janky certificate, your browser will warn you.

HTTP and DNS: Manage the sending and receiving of web files. This is made possible by the:

TCP/IP and Routing: Break down and transfer information into small packets.

Wires, Cables and Wi-Fi: Binary sequences of ones and zeros are sent basically.

Here’s a video explaining HTTP and HTML:

INTERNET

[Photo: INTERNET, by Julian Burgess ; Licencia CC]

Updated 2/21/18 10:00am

Homework #1 (The Web: My Perception)

The Web is a very huge and vast place. You can pretty much find anything from funny cat videos to digital encyclopedias. I tend to use the web pretty much on a daily basis. I am always on  Twitter reading the latest ‘gossip’ or the news. If I’m not on twitter, I’m in YouTube watching gameplay videos, makeup tutorials, or just looking up funny videos. If I’m not in any one of those sites, I’m in Facebook seeing what my family and some friends are up to. What I like and dislike about the web is that you can find anything there. What I mean by that is that by finding everything it could be either good or bad. I like it because it’s an easy way to keep up with the latest trends, old friends, buy stuff and many more things. The bad part is that some people don’t understand the concept of privacy. By that, I mean people often try to ‘hack’ other people’s accounts on whatever site it is they may be on. There are many pros and cons about the internet, but for me is mostly good.

As I said before, the web is a very vast place. How would my life be without the internet? I’m pretty sure all of our lives would change without the internet, since thanks to it we have advanced a lot. In my case particularly, my life would change completely. I use the internet for many things, but I use it mainly for entertainment and educational purposes. If I were to not have internet, everything would become a lot harder for me. For example, homework that requires research would be so much harder to find since I’m used to having all of that information in my phone or laptop and I could have all of that information in seconds. If that were to happen I would have to go to a library and look up all of the information I need and that could take hours, maybe even days to finish. I think I would’t be the only one with this problem and it’s such a scary thought.

Here’s a video explaining how the internet works: